Abdominal cramps in females are usually related to menstrual cycles. But apart from menses, there are many other things which can lead to abdominal cramps.
Let us understand in detail, thr truthabout abdominal cramps.
If I am not in my periods then why I am getting abdominal cramps?
Apart from menstrual cycle, the other important cause for abdominal cramps maybe during the time of ovulation.
During ovulation, an egg is released from ovary by rupturing the ovarian follicle, which is an oval shaped structure beneath which the egg (Ovum) is situated. This egg travels from the ovary through the fallopian tubes towards the uterine cavity which leads to abdominal cramps.
Practices such as relaxing in a hot water bath, using a hot water bottle over the area of pain, and massages can be useful to relieve cramps. Wearing loose-fitting clothing and doing gentle exercises (yoga, relaxation, meditation) improve blood supply to the area and can further help in relieving pain.
Abdominal cramps might be due to Infection?
Any infection affecting the uterus, vagina or other reproductive organs can lead to cramps in the lower abdomen. Cramps may even occur in case of underlying urinary tract infections. To differentiate between these infection related cramps and normal period cramps, correlate with signs and symptoms of infection like fever, burning urine, foul smelling discharge and itching of the vagina.
In case of infection, meet your doctor and get a urine test done to find out the exact cause of infection. Doctors may start antibiotic treatment for a specified duration of time. Proper rest and hygiene will reduce infection and eventually stop cramps.
Endometrium is the outermost lining of the uterus. Endometriosis is external growth of cells of the endometrium outside the uterus. It is usually painful and bleeds in the same manner as the normal endometrium does, during menstruation. It is also one of the causes of infertility in women. In India, 45%–80% of those who complain of lower back pain suffer from endometriosis, making it a common condition.
The symptoms of lower back pain and/ endometriosis include the following:
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Long-term pain in the lower back or pelvis
- Pain during or after sexual intercourse
- Intestinal pain
- Pain during bowel movements
If you have any of the above symptoms, your doctor might suggest a few tests. Pelvic examinations are done to detect larger masses of endometriosis, as smaller masses may be harder to feel. He may also recommend imaging tests in the form of ultrasound to check for ovarian cysts resulting from endometriosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is done to get a clearer picture of the uterus. If endometriosis is not seen in any of these tests but is suspected based on your symptoms, then laparoscopy is performed. This is the only confirmatory test for endometriosis.
Once diagnosed, the mode of treatment required is charted out. The treatment will depend on whether you are trying to conceive. If you do not want to conceive, then hormonal pills are prescribed that can help bring down the pain and discomfort.
Implantation cramps with a small amount of bleeding can happen during first month of pregnancy. This bleeding and abdominal cramps occurs when fertilized egg gets implanted into the uterine wall.
If one experiences lower abdominal cramps along with missed periods, it might be an early sign of pregnancy. One can perform a home pregnancy test or consult a doctor to diagnose and manage pregnancy at the earliest.
Being alert about the changes happening in the body will help in maintaining good health. Keeping track of the menstrual cycle will help in detecting these changes at the earliest.
How to reduce abdominal cramps at home?
Basil Leaves (Tulsi)
The medicinal properties of tulsi are innumerable. However, it has potent analgesic (pain-relieving) properties which help relieve pain with minimal side effects. Take some water and a few basil leaves. Bring the water to boil. Cover and cool. Sip on this every few hours, for best relief.
The best root there is. Take some water and bring it to boil, adding grated ginger to it. Once it has cooled down a little, add honey and a tablespoon of lime juice. Have 2-3 cups a day for the best effects.
The everyday spice for your period pain! A simple ingredient that is best known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and anti-clotting properties. Taking cinnamon can help prevent stomach cramps and lower back pain during periods. Steep 1-inch cinnamon in 4 cups of water (you can use two teaspoons of cinnamon powder instead). Once it has cooled down a little, add honey and lime juice. Drink 4 cups for four days before the start of your period; this can help relieve cramps significantly.