Ever Wondered What a Radiologist Does?

What Is a Radiologist?

They are doctors who take pictures of the inside of your body to help identify and treat illnesses. These medical pictures are taken in different methods, including:

  • X-ray
  • CT scan 
  • Ultrasound 
  • MRI 
  • PET scan 

When Do You Need a Radiologist?

If your doctor wants assistance with imaging or certain specific treatments a radiologist will be involved in your care.

Some common conditions in which you might need a radiologist are:

  • Broken bone
  • Torn muscle
  • Pregnancy
  • Screening for cancer or tumors
  • Blocked arteries or other vessels
  • Foreign objects in the body
  • Trauma and accidents
  • Infections

What to Assume on Your Visit?

Your appointment can take just minutes or last 2 hours or more depending on your procedure. Nevertheless, some tests may require you to avoid certain foods, medications, and drinks beforehand.

Constantly tell the radiology office if you’re pregnant or trying to have a baby. X-rays and CT scans use low-dose radiation. Your surgeon may want to use a different imaging test, preferably, in order to avoid exposing your baby to any possible harm.

X-ray: You’ve perhaps had your teeth X-rayed at your dentist’s. A therapeutic X-ray is just as simple. You lie or stand on site yourself as asked. It’s done in minutes. You may get an X-ray after a car accident, or if you have difficulty in breathing, pneumonia, lung cancer, or other circumstances.

CT scan: This gives a more thorough look at your body than X-rays. Rays of X-rays from CT scan circle your body to view your organs, bones, and other parts from multiple angles. Your radiologist may use it to examine an intricate bone fracture, internal bleeding, infections, tumour size, and other reasons. For some CT scans, you may need to take a chemical substance by mouth or IV to make the image purer.

Ultrasound: It’s best known for taking images of babies in their mother’s womb. It uses sound waves to help pinpoint heart damage, swelling, infection, tumors, and other things.

MRI: It uses radio waves and a magnetic field to peek inside your body instead of radiation. They permit your radiologist to better see soft tissue behind or inside your bones. It’s specifically useful for scanning your brain and spinal cord, or for torn ligaments or tumors. Let your surgeon know if you could be pregnant or if you have any metal parts or electronic implants, like:

  • Pacemaker
  • Artificial knee or other joints
  • Dental fillings or bridges
  • Cochlear implant for hearing

PET scan: This is a type of nuclear medicine imaging. It uses a tiny bit of radioactive material to inspect the inside of your body at the level of molecules. Thus, this scan may notice cancer or problems with your heart, brain, nerves, and elsewhere before other imaging tests can. Generally, you’ll need to stop eating and drinking anything other than water several hours before your process.

What are the Other Types of Radiologists?

Maximum radiologists help identify health problems. Nevertheless, others focus more on treatments.

Interventional radiologist: These specialists guide instruments through a small cut on your body where you want treatment. They might use a:

  • Needle to drain fluid
  • Tube for drainage or to bring medications or food
  • Laser to remove growths like fibroid
  • Stent to support a blood vessel
  • Balloon to clear out an artery 

They sometimes take out tissue samples for inspection with a microscope for cancer.

Radiation oncologist: They focus on treating cancer. They use energy beams or radioactive particles to kill cancer cells, while taking care to limit harmful healthy ones. A radiation oncologist will work thoroughly with all other members of the cancer care team.