Can STDs Cause Infertility?

There are many reasons that can influence the fertility of women as well as men. It can be morbid life choices, like diet, choosing a sedentary lifestyle, being lethargic, etc. One main factor that females and males alike are blindsided to is sexually transmitted diseases. STDs play a role in infertility and have become a problem for many people.

What are STDs?

Sexually transmitted Diseases commonly known as STDs are diseases, infections, or ailments that can be spread from a person with STD to another through sexual contact and is very common with people who have unprotected sex. Most STDs do not cause any symptoms, thus many individuals who have an STD do not know it and may unknowingly spread it. Individuals with STDs might also suffer from redness or inflammation around the genitals. They might also be able to see some outbreaks around the private parts. Young women might also see vaginal discharge which is different from normal.

How does STD influence female fertility?

One of the globe’s most common STD is chlamydia. This can pass from one partner to another through unprotected sex. STDs like chlamydia may affect the cervix, throat, anus, eyes, and urethra. The urethra is a thin tube that is linked to the bladder through which urine passes. Chlamydia might spread further into the body, infecting the uterus and the fallopian tubes if not diagnosed and if left untreated. As soon as the body notices an STD, the immune system tries to fight the infection.

Once the STD is countered and immune system cells die, they normally form a discharge. The inflammation that happens in the cervix, uterus, and or fallopian tubes is called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. It can present itself as a mild abdominal pain that can be overlooked if women mistake it for menstrual pain. It might also cause pain or bleeding, during or after sex. It might end up scarring, which can block the fallopian tubes and may result in infertility, as sperm released during ejaculation may not be able to travel through the tubes to fertilize the eggs.

Impairment or scarred fallopian tubes can also affect the process of moving a fertilised egg through the tube towards the uterus at the start of pregnancy. The released egg might attach itself to the fallopian tube. It then starts to grow there. This is called an ectopic pregnancy and is a dangerous complication.

Few STDs like chlamydia might also be passed from mother to infant during childbirth which may cause an infection in the eyes of the new-born.

How does STD influence male fertility?

One of the things that are damaging to male fertility and sperm functionality is STDs and reiterating the fact that the most dangerous can be chlamydia. This is generally asymptomatic and goes undiagnosed, and if this is the case then the main concern is that the sperm can be damaged. Chlamydia is a bacterium that attaches itself to sperm and terminates sperm prematurely. Therefore, if the semen of a man with chlamydia is looked at, they can see lots of dead sperm or dying sperm. STD may damage sperm production.

Which STDs can disturb pregnancy?

Given below are a few STDs that might influence your pregnancy:

  • Chlamydia 
  • Gonorrhoea
  • HIV
  • Syphilis
  • Herpes

How to avoid the spread of STDs?

Chlamydia and other STDs can be prohibited by

  • By means of a condom and other latex barriers
  • Using water-based lubricant during sexual intercourse
  • Having regular sexual health check-ups
  • You or your health provider should notify your sexual partner if you are diagnosed with an STD.
  • Getting tested for STDs regularly. STD tests vary. Few are blood tests while some take urine and there are a few which still use a swab of saliva or discharge to see whether one has an STD. It is suggested that if sexually active one should get tested at least once a year.